What is Public Health?


Public Health is an organized effort to promote, protect, restore, and improve the health and well-being of all individuals within a community. It is a preventative, population-based approach to address the broader determinants that influence the health of an individual.

KCA Public Health Framework


What factors influence health?


The Public Health Agency of Canada identifies 12 social determinants of health:

  • Income/social status
  • Social support networks
  • Education and literacy
  • Employment/working conditions
  • Social environments
  • Physical environments
  • Personal health practices & coping skills
  • Healthy child development
  • Biology and genetic endowment
  • Health services
  • Gender
  • Culture


Broader determinants of health for First Nations peoples include:

  • Colonization
  • Globalization
  • Migration
  • Cultural continuity
  • Access
  • Territory
  • Poverty
  • Self-determination


Types of Public Health services…

KCA’s Public Health Framework focuses on five components:


Family Health – family planning, prenatal support, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, children’s oral health/dental services. This component also includes Mental Wellness (suicide prevention strategies, substance abuse prevention and treatment)


Chronic Disease & Injury Prevention – healthy living, physical activity, diabetes prevention, smoking cessation, nutrition education


Healthy Environments – safe drinking water, environmental contaminants, indoor and outdoor air quality, food safety


Population Health Data – health surveillance, collecting community data to identify priority health strategies, deliver evidence-based programs, evaluate the effectiveness of public health programs, and secure adequate funding to deliver necessary  services


Infectious Disease – immunizations, sexually transmitted infections, tuberculosis



What we plan to do…


The First Nations and Inuit Health Branch (FNIHB) currently oversees the funding and delivery of public health services to KCA’s nine member communities. We plan to transfer the delivery of services to KCA, in partnership with the Northwestern Health Unit (NWHU) and Waasegiizhig Nanaandawe’iyewigamig Health Access Centre (WNHAC). Delivering services locally will increase the potential for strength and capacity building within each community, and improve availability, accessibility, and comprehensiveness of services.

We will design our public health programming in keeping with Anishinaabe beliefs, traditions, and values. Communities will define what they feel are the health priorities of their communities, and how they feel their public health services could be improved. The transition of public health services will include the following nine communities: Ochiichagwe’Babigo’Ining Ojibway Nation (Dalles), Naotkamegwanning First Nation (Whitefish Bay), Shoal Lake #40 First Nation, Obashkaandagaang (Washagamis Bay), Wabaseemoong Independent Nations (Whitedog), Asubpeeschoseewagong (Grassy Narrows), Northwest Angle #33 First Nation, Wauzhushk Onigum Nation (Rat Portage), Animakee Wa Zhing 37 First Nation (Northwest Angle #37)

In March 2017 we brought together community members for a Public Health Community Engagement Workshop. Click here for more details!

For more information, please contact:

Jocelyne Goretzki, RN, BScN
Health Manager
Phone: (807) 467-8144 ext. 3239