What is Public Health?

Public Health is an organized effort to promote, protect, restore, and improve the health and well-being of all individuals within a community. It is a preventative, population-based approach to address the broader determinants that influence the health of an individual.

KCA Public Health Framework

Medicine_Wheel_Framework

What factors influence health?

The Public Health Agency of Canada identifies 12 social determinants of health:

  • Income/social status
  • Social support networks
  • Education and literacy
  • Employment/working conditions
  • Social environments
  • Physical environments
  • Personal health practices & coping skills
  • Healthy child development
  • Biology and genetic endowment
  • Health services
  • Gender
  • Culture

 

Broader determinants of health for First Nations peoples include:

  • Colonization
  • Globalization
  • Migration
  • Cultural continuity
  • Access
  • Territory
  • Poverty
  • Self-determination

 

Types of Public Health services…

KCA’s Public Health Framework focuses on five components:

Family Health – family planning, prenatal support, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, children’s oral health/dental services. This component also includes Mental Wellness (suicide prevention strategies, substance abuse prevention and treatment)

Chronic Disease & Injury Prevention – healthy living, physical activity, diabetes prevention, smoking cessation, nutrition education

Healthy Environments – safe drinking water, environmental contaminants, indoor and outdoor air quality, food safety

Population Health Data – health surveillance, collecting community data to identify priority health strategies, deliver evidence-based programs, evaluate the effectiveness of public health programs, and secure adequate funding to deliver necessary  services

Infectious Disease – immunizations, sexually transmitted infections, tuberculosis

KCA will begin the public health transfer by focusing on Infectious Disease and Environmental Health planning.

 

 

What we plan to do…

The First Nations and Inuit Health Branch (FNIHB) currently oversees the funding and delivery of public health services to KCA’s 8 communities. We plan to transfer the delivery of services to KCA, in partnership with the Northwestern Health Unit (NWHU) and Waasegiizhig Nanaandawe’iyewigamig Health Access Centre (WNHAC). Delivering services locally will increase the potential for strength and capacity building within each community, and improve availability, accessibility, and comprehensiveness of services.

We will design our public health programming in keeping with Anishinaabe beliefs, traditions, and values. Communities will define what they feel are the health priorities of their communities, and how they feel their public health services could be improved. The transition of public health services will include the following eight communities: Ochiichagwe’Babigo’Ining Ojibway Nation (Dalles), Naotkamegwanning First Nation (Whitefish Bay), Shoal Lake #40 First Nation, Obashkaandagaang (Washagamis Bay), Wabaseemoong Independent Nations (Whitedog), Asubpeeschoseewagong (Grassy Narrows), Northwest Angle #33 First Nation, Wauzhushk Onigum Nation (Rat Portage)

In March 2017 we brought together community members for a Public Health Community Engagement Workshop. Click here for more details!

For more information, please contact:

Jennifer Cano, MSc
Public Health Services Coordinator
Phone: (807) 467-8144 ext. 3224